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Henry Maurice Dunlop Nicoll

Henry Maurice Dunlop Nicoll

Henry Maurice Dunlop Nicoll was born in Kelso on 19th July 1884, the son of the Free Church Minister, William Robertson Nicoll, who served his flock in Kelso from 1877 until 1886, when, after suffering typhoid and permanent lung damage, he left Kelso for London, where he set up the "British Weekly". William was Knighted in 1909 and made a Companion of Honour in 1921.

Maurice spent his boyhood in Hampstead, London, took a first in Science at Caius College, Cambridge, qualified in medicine at Bartís Hospital, studied psychology under Freud then Jung, and became a leading Harley Street consultant and Jungian analyst. He was a captain in the Royal Army Medical Corps in World War I, being in charge of a hospital in Gallipoli. After his Army Medical Service, he returned to London to become a psychiatrist. He met and worked with P D Ouspensky and joined him at the Institute run by G I Gurjdieff. When Gurdjieff closed his institue, he joined Ouspensky's group. In 1931 he set up his own study groups. This was done through a program of work devoted to passing on the ideas that Nicoll had gathered and developing them through his weekly talks to his own study groups. Many of these talks were recorded verbatim and documented in a six-volume series of texts compiled in his books " Psychological Commentaries on the Teaching of Gurdjieff and Ouspensky."

Whilst following much of the teaching of The Fourth Way expounded by Gurdjieff, he still maintained interests in Christianity and also in dream interpretation.

He wrote books and short stories based on his experiences in the Middle East using the pseudonym Martin Swayne.

He died on 30th August 1953 aged 69 in Great Amwell near London.

Kelso Scotland, Scottish Borders UK